The volcanic island has given rise to the myth of Typhon, the giant rebel erupting flames and Zeus banished there. The history of Ischia has origins dating back to 770 BC. Year when some Greeks coming from Eubea settled there calling Pithecusae.
The etymology is due to pithos, meaning jar, vase, a term that alludes to the commercial nature of the settlement. Ischia over the centuries has been the cradle of most civilizations: Greeks, Etruscans, Romans, Byzantines and then the Normans, Swabians, Angevins and Aragonese that have followed, leaving traces of their cultures and civilizations.
A visit to the Archaeological Museum of Pithecusae of Villa Arbusto, which contains considerable evidence of the various civilizations on the island from prehistoric Roman age, you can admire the famous Nestor’s Cup: an archeological finding of great importance as it shows one of the most ancient Greek writing – dates back to the eighth century BC – With an epigram section of Homer’s Iliad.
Do not miss the Aragonese Castle, perhaps the most impressive monuments of Ischia, situated above the sea on a small island of volcanic origin. The Castle was built as a castrum in 474 BC, in the fourteenth century reached its peak, and today is home to exhibitions of art and music and film festivals.